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China Faces Recession Threat

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China Faces Recession Threat

The People’s Republic of China and the world market are on all in cue that the said country will be in recession in the near future due to recently reported debauched credit standing and flat profit growth.

China on loan frown

China’s largest banks report that there is a large stock of rapidly lethal loans and China’s ability to absorb the potential losses from them is drastically decreasing. The Non-Performing Loan (NPL) provisions being put aside to deal with these loans cannot keep up with the rate of bad loans.

China’s banking regulators have attempted to assist the banks by lowering NPL provision coverage requirements from 200% to 150%; however this has not proved successful. Bank of China, Bank of Communications, and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China have already pushed the limit by 149%, 151%, and 141%.

The bank with the highest NPL remains to be Agricultural Bank of China, with an NPL of 180%; this fell from 367% in 2013.

If the current trends continue to increase by doubling to 4% or 5%, this could then start consuming the banks own retained earnings.
 

Flat Profit Sack for China

China’s growth has dried up. Currently, pre-provision operating profits for the first quarter were at 4%, and this is down from the last quarter in 2015 where they were at 8%.

When three major banks reported their 2015 results for the month of March, they revealed that they had written off a total of $21.85 billion in debts which is 1.4 times more than they did in 2014. This shows the level their customers (mainly industrial companies) have struggled with debt repayments.

The same report also shows that profits were barely flat compared with growth rates of 40% a few years ago –

  • Industrial and Commercial Bank of China reported 0.5% profit growth
  • China Construction Bank Corp reported only a 0.1% rise in profit
  • Bank of China reported a 0.7% increase in profit

 

Eyeing the long term implication

The Chinese government’s failure to come up with a viable plan for economic recovery has seen to be one of the factors that led to the falling confidence of the country’s future economy.

The reduction in profits growth could force many Chinese banks to start investing in trust and wealth-management products. This could be a risky move as high yield assets, such as these, could affect liquidity if banks need to offload them.

Thus, the best outcome for China, should they decide to carry on this course, would be for them to remain in a state of long-term recession.
 

China for Now

The markets value the banks’ Hong Kong shares at 60-70% of book share. Nonetheless, there is hope that the economy may be showing signs of stabilizing. Although growth is slow, there were reports of 6.7% growth in the first quarter of 2016.

China’s leaders are moving away from growth based on investments and export manufacturing and more towards growth based on sustainable services and private consumption. There is hope that this will raise chances of stability.

The latest figures are in line with many economists’ predictions, and there is hope that China will reach their official full-year target of 6.5-7% growth.
 

China on possibility of Recession

Experts predicted back in 2015 that unless China changes its strategy, it is heading for a long-term decline or collapse. This would see China’s rank returning to that of a weaker state.

Although, if the recent reports of a possible stabilization of the economy are correct then is there still a chance that China may be able to avoid a complete recession?
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Most economists see the recent improvements as a positive. However, they still believe that a recession or at least long-term stagnation is still the most likely outcome.

Despite signs of growth, there is still the ever increasing debt. The country, so far, has resorted to bailing out bad debt with even more bad debt. The current level of debt is unsustainable and is affecting further economic growth.

Unless China can shrink its deficit, then the rate of current growth is unlikely to prevent a recession.
 

Should China’s economy concern us?

China’s economy is ranked the second highest in the world, the first being the US. These rankings do not indicate the overall wealth of the country.

China has connections with the US through exports; they are our third largest export partner. Exports from China make up 5.3% of total exports into the country. Similarly, China is also our biggest import partner, accounting for 16.4% of our total imports.

This alone shows the imbalance of power between China and us. Any positive or negative activity in China is going to have an impact on the US. The slowdown of the Chinese economy is already causing concern, as this has negative impacts on markets which are closely linked to China, such as the US.

 

 

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Business

US Housing Sales Boom Will Last Until 2021

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top view of houses at daytime photo-US Housing Sales Boom-us-featured

Redfin CEO Glenn Kelman told CNBC on Thursday that he sees the US housing sales boom will last until 2021. Total US Home sales increased 9.4% in September, surpassing estimates. Meanwhile, median prices went up 15% year over year. This is according to data provided by the National Association of Realtors.

RELATED: Biden Is Latest Dem to Support Ridiculous Free Housing Proposal

Shares of Redfin, a real estate brokerage firm, were higher by 1% Thursday to $45.60. The stock more than doubled during this year. It now has a market cap of $4.5 billion. 

Why do people buy houses during a recession? 

During this time when the economy is reeling and jobs are tight, people buy homes. Why? There are a couple of reasons.

The bigger acceptance for remote work freed many people from living in the city. The opportunity to leave cramped apartments and expensive city living. The pandemic gave enough reason for workers to pack up and head for greener pastures. Next, interest rates are going down hard. From 3.7%, 30-year mortgage rates are now 2.9%, the lowest rates ever. Despite higher prices, people know this is the best time to buy on the cheap. 

The intent is there. The pandemic allowed you to work anywhere. And interest rates allow you to pay the lowest interest rates. People are taking the plunge and buying. So what’s the problem? We’re running out of houses to buy. 

Demand coming from the rich 

Rich professionals who can work from home are the reason for the uptick in housing demand. Kelman said that many remote workers moved from major cities to distant suburbs. Kelman said these workers began “taking a permanent vacation where they’re working from those homes.”

People are taking advantage of low-interest rates to snap up homes. Kelman noted that “part of what is fueling this boom is that the economy has just split into two and rich people are able to access capital almost for free.” The opportunity to buy homes for cheap may be too much to resist. “Of course, they’re going to use that money to buy homes,” he added.  

Meanwhile, there’s another group of people who would like to buy but can’t. Kleman said:  “There’s just another group of Americans who are still struggling, who can’t access the credit because we’ve raised credit standards, and you have high unemployment. I just think those two trends, at some point, have to collide.” 

Kelman foresees demand to continue until 2021 at least. Many undecided buyers will buckle down next year and take the plunge. He said: “There’s no way it can last forever. This level of demand is absolutely insane. I would expect it to last into 2021, at least.” Why 2021? “There are so many people now who have decided they’re not going to be able to buy a home by year-end,” he said. Kelman expects them to buy next year, “as their kids shift school districts. I do think we’re going to see this for some time.”

Shrinking inventory of houses for sale

With homes fast disappearing from the market, higher purchase prices are coming back. Based on data from the National Association of Realtors data, only 2.7 months’ supply of houses is available last month. This represents the lowest level since 1982 when the NAR began tracking data. 

Kleman expects supply to increase after the elections. Uncertainty will decrease after voters elect a new president. Listing and selling a home can take months to process. That’s why sellers have a lower risk tolerance than buyers. “Buyers, when they see a house they love, they pounce,” he said. “I think the sellers are just looking long term in the economy and still feeling some anxiety. Many of them are going to put their homes on the market in January and February.”

Demand won’t last forever  

The Wall Street Journal’s Justin Lahart thinks not everybody can live outside the big cities. A remote job in a vacation spot may pose difficulties for some. Winter conditions may also make some remote workers rethink their strategy. He also believes that the housing boom now made people buy houses sooner than later. He thinks many of the workers who moved to the suburbs would’ve done so in a few years. When the pandemic subsides, a smaller group might follow the exodus out of big cities. 

The number of people who can afford houses will shrink as well. Many workers’ careers derailed during the year. Many millennials got burned during the financial crisis in the early 2000s. Now, a new career-threatening crisis is in full swing. The post-coronavirus landscape may depend on how well the economy rebounds. We’ll have next year to find out.

Watch this as CNBC reports on the US housing sales boom. Redfin CEO Says “people are buying vacation homes, then taking a permanent vacation:

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Biden Plan Could Mean 60% Tax Rates, But Here’s Who Will Get Stuck With Higher Taxes

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Biden Plan Could Mean 60% Tax Rates, But Here’s Who Will Get Stuck With Higher Taxes

New York and California may start losing high-income residents by the droves next year if Democratic nominee Joe Biden wins the election in a few weeks.

That’s because the two left-leaning states would have a combined federal and state rate over 60% under Biden tax plan.

Even New York resident and rapper 50 Cent tweeted earlier this week that despite his apparent dislike for President Trump, he said “Vote Trump” and “62% are you out of ya (expletive) mind,” when he learned about Biden’s tax plan.

According to calculations from Jared Walczak of the Tax Foundation, California residents earning more than $400,000 per year could face a combined tax rate as high as 62.6% under the Biden plan. New Jersey residents could see taxes reach 58.2% and New York would top out at just over 62%.

But somehow, it could get even worse.

Tax Rates Can Still Go Higher Under Biden

Walczak points out that if you include the contributions to the tax hikes by employers, which are often passed along to employees, the combined rates would jump to over 65% in California, 62.9% in New Jersey and 64.7% in New York City. They could still go even higher if California and New York raise taxes on high earners. This is something some legislators have proposed to try and close multibillion-dollar budget gaps.

“These rates would be the highest in about three and a half decades,” said Walzcak, “and imposed on a broader tax base than was in place previously.”

The Middle Class Will Suffer?

But Home Depot co-founder Ken Langone believes the wealthy won’t pay higher taxes at all – the middle class will.

“The middle class will not be exempt. Tragically, it will punish them. It isn’t going to punish us,” said Langone.

Appearing on Fox Business yesterday, Langone said due to Biden’s tax hikes, “the middle class will be in peril.”

He said that despite Biden saying the wealthy should pay more in taxes, the middle class will feel the effects of Biden’s tax plan. Langone said he is in favor of a tax code that is more progressive and equitable. This includes eliminating loopholes that favor the rich and large corporations.

“I don’t know if there’s any of us that have done well that will have a problem with paying more taxes, but it’s a ruse to think that hitting us and us alone is going to get the job done,” Langone said, adding ““It won’t and the middle class will be in peril and when you take money out of the hands of the middle class, you do a dramatic impact negatively on the economy.”
He said that increasing taxes on the middle class will lead to a recession.

“The problem is, when you go after the middle class, you begin to attack the backbone of the economy and we will have a bad recession. We will have a very bad recession,” Langone said.

“These are very precarious times and not the time to be screwing around,” he added.

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Market Volatility Rises As Election Polls Show Tightening Race

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Market Volatility Rises As Election Polls Show Tightening Race

The relatively calm markets earlier this month are giving way to more volatility as we approach the election. This is according to a team of strategists at JPMorgan.

“While it is perhaps true that during the first two weeks of October risk markets were supported by a widening of US presidential odds, which by itself implied a lower probability of a close or contested US election result, over the past week or so these odds have started narrowing again,” said a team of strategists at JPMorgan Chase, led by Nikolaos Panigirtzoglou.

According to recent polls by RealClearPolitics, in key battleground states, Democratic nominee Joe Biden leads President Trump by 3.9 percentage points, 49.1 vs. 45.2. That lead has shrunk from a 5 percentage point advantage for Biden about a week ago.

A general election nationwide poll by RCP shows a wider 8.6 percentage-point lead for Biden. However, there are many who feel those polls are not correcting for sampling bias.

Polls Inaccurate?

MarketWatch recently interviewed Phil Orlando, the chief equities strategist at Federated Hermes. There, he said he doesn’t believe the polls accurately reflect how close the race is. In relation to this, he pointed to the surprise win by Trump against Democrat Hillary Clinton in 2016.

“Our base case is that the polls are wrong, there’s an oversampling biased error that a lot of polls aren’t correcting for,” Orlando said.

With a tightening race for the White House, volatility has returned to the market. It will also likely increase in the final two weeks leading up to the election.

A report put out yesterday by SentimenTrader showed that the CBOE Volatility Index or VIX, jumped to levels last seen during the Great Financial Crisis, and tends to rise as stocks fall as it is typically used as a hedge against market downturns.

Market analysts use the ratio to measure how speculative traders are getting. A rise in the put/call ratio means that investors are expecting plenty of volatility between now and November 3.

The VIX, which measures investor bullish or bearishness on the S&P 500 for the next 30 days, is currently near 29, well above its historical average between 19 and 20. This week alone the VIX jumped 6.3%.

Source of Volatility

Jeffrey Mills, the chief investment officer at Bryn Mawr Trust, said some of the volatility likely comes from investors trying to position their portfolios based on who they perceive will win the election.  “There could be some front-loaded selling but I do feel like that’s a near-term phenomenon,” he said. But he says no matter who wins, there’s really only one place to invest, and that’s the stock market.

“There is going to be this continued pull toward equity markets — where else are you going to go when you need to earn a certain percentage to fund retirement, fund education?”

If investors are moving money today based on who they think will win the election, Daniel Clifton, head of policy research at Strategas Securities said each candidate will likely benefit different sectors.

A Biden victory will be good for stocks in the infrastructure, renewable energy and technology sectors, said Clifton.

If President Donald Trump is reelected, Clifton said there’s “huge upside” in some sectors. These include defense, financials and even the for-profits like prisons, education and student loan lenders.

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