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How to Invest in Graphene

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The Timeline of Graphene

Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, both of the University of Manchester were credited with the discovery of graphene and as a result won the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics.

Graphene is 200 times stronger than steel and more robust than a diamond. As used here robustness refers to, “the ability of a structure to withstand events like fire, explosions, impact or consequences of human error, without being damaged to an extent disproportionate to the original cause.”
Graphene Investment Opportunities

Anyone familiar with the robustness of diamonds will be more impressed by this fact, than the “200 times stronger than steel” line that would impress the layperson more. This is worth keeping in mind as we read on.

Though unproven, reasonable theoretical applications include the creation of synthetic plasma and various potential cancer treatment methods.

What companies are great for Graphene Investment Opportunities? Graphene will likely put the power of up to 10,000 mainframes into the typical tablet or smartphone at some point in the near future.

Graphene Investing
Scientists also theorize that graphene could help clump together radioactive waste, making disposal remarkably safe, clean and efficient. During tragedies like the Fukushima meltdown, graphene could not only serve a valuable economic, but priceless social benefit.

This is an important factor to note because it could lead to a far lighter regulation note being placed on graphene-based products as they’re manufactured and put into mass production.

Perhaps the biggest cause of excitement surrounding graphene is the active attempt by a slew of scientists to replace the silicon inside of semiconductor wafers with graphene. We can only imagine what this will do to the “Silicon Valley” moniker.

For this reason, some have taken to calling graphene stock “Moore’s Murderer.” The reference is to Moore’s Law, a historical observation of computer hardware claiming chip performance would double every 18 months. If graphene can do what most knowledgeable minds seem to think it can, chip performance could theoretically grow exponentially overnight, thereby making Moore’s Law as obsolete as blind faith in a flat planet.

Graphene Investment Opportunities are so good, they are already a part of our daily lives. Graphite in pencils, batteries, brake linings, foundry facings, charcoal and lubricants, all daily products with consumers…but it is also the basic structural element of other allotropes, including graphite, charcoal, carbon nanotubes and fullerenes.

The properties of graphene are so amazing that they have the potential to revolutionize multiple industries. Sensors, batteries, computing, touch screens, electronics, water filtration and salinization, organic solar cells, energy generation and storing, medicine and much more.

Graphene is already a part of our Daily Lives

As the world’s thinnest material graphene is considered a two-dimensional object, while also being flexible and transparent. It also conducts electricity more efficiently than a semiconductor and is an exceptional heat conductor.

And though the temptation is to look towards technology and manufacturing, the medical devices, biotech and healthcare markets, are all venues where the carbon-based Graphene may have the most investment impact. As we all know, tech and bio stocks tend to do very well in strong performing markets, so just imagine how well such stocks could have performed in recent years with Graphene-backed products.

Graphene Investment Opportunities also include the standardization of Graphene as a medical/medicinal component, and its potential to enter the human body without damaging the immune system would give it a remarkably beneficial characteristic as a drug delivery mechanism. Graphene also has properties which can aid in bone-rebuilding processes and create the biological structures needed to create organs and tissues.

Is Graphene Investing a Good Idea?

Here’s an example of what Graphene Investment Opportunities we are all most interested in, the investment value and the rarely-seen, always-profitable synergistic link between government and industry. Namely, the European Union recently awarded Nokia (NYSE: NOK) with a $1.35 billion grant to research the commercial applications of Graphene.

Can anyone really imagine how much a company like Phizer or Johnson & Johnson may get from the US government to research healthcare applications of Graphene?

The point of the example is to illustrate that when a material has the ability to affect positive societal change and advancement, as well as being worthwhile for the investment set, a far greater likelihood of success will emerge.
Succesful Graphene Investments

Rarely does an investment opportunity come along that seems to have everyone’s support and very rarely does such an opportunity result in anything but profits to investors. Graphene Stock has been amazing.

As someone kicking the tires on investing in Graphene, these should all be very positive signs. It truly is strange that more investors aren’t talking about Graphene, but at a time when information flows so freely and is so readily available, perhaps it is in the smart money’s interest not to talk too much about a very good thing?

How to Invest in Graphene Stocks

Now that you have a basic idea of what graphene is, let’s dive into how you can invest when the time is right.

First of all, despite the potentially limitless applications, getting in on the ground floor is not without its challenges. In other words, there’s no quick and easy way to invest in Graphene Stock is to think of it as a commodity, or the graphite carbon it’s made from.

Many would say that this is due to China controlling a lion’s share of the market. There is truth to this notion.

Graphene Stocks

Great Graphene Companies to Invest In
Approximately 70 percent of graphite mining takes place in China and Beijing is carefully limiting exports in addition to charging a 20 percent export duty. Another 14 percent of mining takes place in India and aside from direct ownership investments, it’s pretty tough to access this production capacity. These prohibitive factors combined with savvy investor excitement about the potential of graphene have caused the price to more than triple in the past five years.

Graphene Investment Opportunities: The other immediate option are publicly-traded Western graphite miners on track to begin producing graphene. Many of the best Graphene Companies to Invest In, however, have not matured to show a profit and live in thin trading volume environments with high-risk bid-ask spread divergences.

If this scenario reminds some of you of the REE (rare earth elements) craze of recent investor memory, you are definitely doing your proper due diligence. Congratulations on that. However, be advised that the practical application potential of graphene dwarfs anything REEs were and are good for. Graphene is a smart investment, it just happens to be volatile and in infancy.
Create a Graphene Investing plan
A company worth looking into is XG Sciences, Inc., one of the largest US based graphene suppliers. XG may be a worthy investment on its own, that remains to be seen. It is, however, a great example of how you can invest in graphene without overtly taking large market risks.

Graphene Stocks to consider:

XG Sciences manufactures graphene nanoplatelets for use in advanced materials and energy applications. CEO, Mike Knox claims that the company has 80 tons of annual production capacity, making it the world’s largest for this type of nano-material.

Another Graphene Stock In January 2011, 19% of XG Sciences was purchased by Hanhwa Chemical, a Korean chemical company which has since grown to a hundred billion dollar conglomerate dealing with everything from energy to financial services.

Hanhwa’s great investment opportunity happens to extend well beyond Korea into other Asian countries and has rights to sell graphene in India and China, a major potential boon to this business. They invest in graphene in the form of carbon nanotubes, for various industrial uses. Hanhwa is listed on the Korean stock exchange under number 009830.

Another 20% of XG Sciences is owned by POSCO (NYSE:PKX), one of the world’s largest producers of steel, also a Korean company. POSCO uses graphene from XG Sciences to develop new materials and is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the code NYSE: PKX.

This a classic example of how to enter a volatile arena without taking too many chances. Take a deeper look into these Graphene Companies business affairs of the two companies above. Both have clear-cut reasons to invest into graphene, a major one of which (especially for steel producer POSCO) is risk management.

Since graphene’s properties suggest that it could (in the very long run) replace or displace steel as an instrumental production cog, it is likely that large steel manufacturers are Investment Opportunities would invest heavily into it.

A telltale defensive play by any large company is to invest into any disruptive technology which may displace its premier bread winner eventually.

This is almost always a great entry investment play for forward-thinking investors into markets that don’t often allow “the little guy” to play from the beginning.

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Gold ‘Frenzy’ To Build Around Election, Platinum Could Soar 50% By Year-End

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Gold ‘Frenzy’ To Build Around Election, Platinum Could Soar 50% By Year End

Peter Hug, head of the precious metal division at Kitco, believes the Fed’s decision to hold interest rates at near-zero through at least 2023 is bullish for precious metals and particularly gold. He also mentioned the road platinum can head to by the year’s end.

“About three Fed meetings ago they indicated they would hold rates at pretty much zero through the end of 2021 into early ‘22, today they’ve extended that by an additional year, there have been some analysts that are suspecting they will keep rates at zero right through 2024, so we’ve got another almost four years of zero interest rates to look forward to,” said Hug.

“The Fed being a bit more accommodative on inflation indicates to me that it’s a very positive environment for hard assets in general but I think the metals as well will continue to move higher over the next period of time based on the dovishness of the Fed, global central banks and the uncertainty of the US election coming up in about six weeks.”

The State of the Gold and Silver Markets

Hug said the current consolidation phase is a great sign of the overall health of the gold and silver markets. This comes after the frenzy in the gold and silver markets about a month ago.

“The market has been consolidating, which is a very good sign, especially for gold. Gold has been consolidating between our support level of 1925 and 1975 for the better part of two weeks. Silver seems to be between $26.50 – $27.50 range and consolidating as well. The fact that people are not selling into a market that is as frenetic as it was a month or six weeks ago, indicates to me that this market is setting up for the next leg higher once we get through this consolidation phase.”

Availability and Premiums

The gold and silver markets are taking a bit of a breather and the mania has slowed a bit. With this, Hug said the availability of gold and silver coins is getting better. He said premiums are coming down as well.

“On the gold and silver side, dealers are starting to show inventory. That’s not a result of increased production, it’s more a result because of this consolidation phase, retail investors have started to pull back on the markets so there’s not as much buying frenzy in the physical space right now, I think that changes if gold gets north of $2,000 again. But this consolidation of $50 range in gold and the $1, $1.50 range in silver has basically dried up the demand at these levels.”

“So production is still coming on board and dealers are starting to build inventory. And because of that you are seeing premiums come down. Silver maple leafs you can get, again, depending on quantity, somewhere between $5-6 over spot, Eagles are down somewhere between $5-7 over spot, so you are starting to see as this market stays sideways and we don’t see another rush into the buying side from the retail investor, you give it another 2-4 weeks and I think there will be reasonable inventory on the market and premiums should come down.”

Volatility to Return Soon?

Hug said that if you are looking to acquire gold and silver coins, you shouldn’t wait long as we could see volatility return very soon.

“I caution that past October 15 the market is going to be very volatile as we go into the election.”

Other than gold or silver, Hug sees a huge opportunity in the platinum space. There, he expects prices to climb 50% by the end of the year.

“I’m constructive platinum. It is also consolidating in the $900-950 range, but I do anticipate platinum to be north of $1000 and then look to $1200 possibly $1400 before year end.”

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Dalio: Capitalism Needs Fixing, US Dollar Upended In Next 5 Years

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Dalio: Capitalism Needs Fixing, US Dollar Upended In Next 5 Years

In a recent interview with MarketWatch, Ray Dalio, the billionaire founder of Bridgewater Associates, covered a wide range of topics. These include his thoughts on capitalism, China, the US dollar as the world reserve currency, and much more.

Three Problems

Dalio says the US is facing three distinct problems and is losing ground to China in many ways.

“There are three problems that are coming together,” said Dalio. “So it’s important to understand them individually and how they collectively make a bigger problem,” said Dalio.

“There is a money and credit cycle problem, a wealth and values gap problem, and an emerging great power challenging the existing dominant power problem. What’s going on is an economic downturn together with a large wealth gap and the rising power of China challenging the existing power of the United States.”

“It’s a fact that there has been a weakening of the competitive advantages of the United States over the last couple of decades. For example, the United States lost a lot of the education advantage relative to other countries, our share of world GDP is reduced, the wealth gap has increased which has contributed to our political and social polarization.”

Challenges the U.S. Face

To illustrate the challenges that the US faces as it attempts to stay ahead of China and remain a world power, Dalio says we need to look at Britain and how they eventually lost their position as the world’s reserve currency.

“If you look at British history, the development of rival countries led them to lose their competitive advantages. Their finances were bad because they had accumulated a lot of debt. So, after World War II those trends went against them. Then they had the Suez Canal incident and they were no longer a world power and the British pound is no longer a reserve currency. These diseases almost always play out the same way.”

“The United States’ relative position in the world, which was dominant in almost all these categories at the beginning of this world order in 1945, has declined and is exhibiting real signs that should raise worries. There’s a lot of baggage. The U.S. has a lot of debt, which is adding to the hurdles that typically drag an economy down, so in order to succeed, you have to do a pretty big debt restructuring. History shows what kind of a challenge that is.”

“The United States is a 75-year-old empire and it is exhibiting signs of decline. If you want to extend your life, there are clear things you can do, but it means doing things that you don’t want to do.”

Capitalism Needs Improvements

Dalio is a capitalist (he didn’t become a billionaire through handouts). However, he does acknowledge that the system needs to be improved so that everyone has a chance at financial freedom.

“What has been shown is that capitalism is a fabulous way of creating incentives and innovation and of allocating resources to create productivity. All successful countries have uses for it. For example, communist China has chosen capitalism, which has been essential to its growth.

“But capitalism also produces large wealth gaps that produce opportunity gaps, which threaten the system in the ways we are seeing now.

“We have to be in this together. The system needs to be reengineered to do this. But if we don’t do this engineering well, we’re going to spend in an unlimited way and deal with that by creating debt that won’t ever be paid back, and we will risk losing the reserve currency status of the dollar. If we get into that position — and we’re very close — things will get much worse because we are living on borrowed money that’s financing our consumption.”

On Dollar as the World Reserve Currency

Dalio says we could see the US lose reserve currency status as soon as the next five years.

“Within the next five years you could see a situation in which foreigners who have been lending money to the United States won’t want to, and the dollar would not be as readily accepted for making purchases in the world as it is now.”

“The United States doesn’t have a good income statement and balance sheet in dealing with the rest of the world. It is running a deficit to the rest of the world that is financed by borrowing money so that we are producing liabilities.”

There is uncertainty in the markets ahead of the November election. With this, Dalio says there are two steps investors can take to protect their wealth.

“First, worry as much about the value of your money as you worry about the value of your investments. The printing of money and the debt should make you aware of that. That’s why financial asset prices have gone up — stocks, gold — because of the debt and money creation. You don’t want to own the thing you think is safest — cash.”

“Second, know how to diversify well. That includes diversification of countries, currencies and assets, because wealth is not so much destroyed as it shifts. When something goes down, something else is going up so you have to look at all things on a relative basis. Diversify well and worry about the value of cash.”

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US Billionaires Got Richer During Pandemic by $845 Billion

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US Billionaires-featured

US billionaires got richer during the pandemic by a tune of $845 billion. This represents a 29% increase from the time the Covid-19 lockdowns started until now. While the stock market crashed during the early days of the pandemic, it has since recovered. Along with recovery are net worth increases for America’s billionaire. Among the pandemic’s big winners of 2020 were Jeff Bezos, Elon Musk, and Mark Zuckerberg. Also in the list were investor Warren Buffett, Oracle CEO Larry Ellison, and ex-NY Mayor Michael Bloomberg.

RELATED: Jeff Bezos Is Now Worth $200 Billion

In a report released Thursday, the Institute for Policy Studies and the Americans for Tax Fairness (ATF) said the total net worth of 643 of the nation’s richest people rose from $2.95 trillion to $3.8 trillion.  

This is equal to a 29% increase between March to September. The report based the numbers on Forbes’ annual billionaire’s report and real-time data. 

Big Winners

Jeff Bezos, the founder, and CEO online retail giant Amazon is now the world’s richest man. The pandemic forced people indoors and played right into Amazon’s online strategy. As millions switched to online shopping, demand for Amazon’s services skyrocketed. Amazon shares zoomed along with 40% in 2020, as the company racked up billions in orders. People bought groceries, medicine, household products, and entertainment items on Amazon’s sites. As the company grew richer, so did its CEO and majority stockholder. On August 19, as stock prices of Amazon went up, his net worth exceeded $200 billion. As of September, Amazon stock has fluctuated and Bezos’ current worth is $184 billion. 

Another rich guy that got even richer was Tesla’s founder and CEO Elon Musk. Tesla’s value grew five times its January price. By August, the company’s stock split pushed his personal shares to $104 billion. This allowed him to join the coveted centibillionaire club. Compared to his March net worth of $24.6 billion, he’s now over four times that. As of September, with Tesla dropping value, Musk’s worth has dropped as well to $88 billion. 

Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg, who was worth $107.6 billion in August (now down to $93.7 billion). Facebook stock rose from $209 in Jan to $303 in August, making his 13% stake worth over $100 billion. Like Musk, he also joined the centibillionaire club this year. 

“COVID crisis supercharges inequalities”

Chuck Collins, director of the Institute for Policy Studies’ Program on Inequality, and co-author of the report said he was somewhat shocked by the figures. He added that the COVID crisis is “supercharging America’s existing inequalities.” He said, “I would have thought maybe six months into this that things would have shaken out – that everybody would take a hit.” 

“The difference is stark between profits for billionaires and the widespread economic misery in our nation. It sort of dramatizes the unequal sacrifice and profiteering element of the wealth accumulation at the top.”

Meanwhile, Covid-19 infected 6 million Americans and killed more than 200,000. As businesses collapse, the economy outside of Wall Street is in recession. More than 50 million jobs vanished in the pandemic. At present, 14 million Americans remain unemployed. Even those lucky enough to still have jobs got hit. Average work income fell by 4.4.%, per Bureau of Labor Statistics data. Outbreaks are still prevalent, even as a vaccine remains under development. 

As such, the economy’s reopening remains slow. 

Even local governments are feeling the pressure. States and cities are hamstrung with crippling deficits. California declared a $54 billion deficit, while New York City is looking at a $9 billion loss in revenue. From now until 2022, state budgets face a $555 billion deficit. This is according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

COVID-19’s unique effect made those with better plans during the pandemic fares better than most. In the case of Amazon, people flocked to their site when going out posed safety issues. For the others, the rise in stock reflected more on how they handled their business during the crisis. Some people are just quicker to seize on opportunities, even those coming from a crisis.

Watch this as Bloomberg reported last July 2020 on how billionaires got $637 billion richer during the pandemic:

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Should we begrudge the rich getting richer, especially at a time like this? Do they deserve this success? Let us know what you think by leaving your thoughts on the comment section below.

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